Bikini Atoll

Basic description[ edit ] The Kula ring spans 18 island communities of the Massim archipelago, including the Trobriand Islands , and involves thousands of individuals. If the opening gift was an armband, then the closing gift must be a necklace and vice versa. The exchange of Kula valuables is also accompanied by the trade in other items known as gimwali barter. The terms of participation vary from region to region. Whereas on the Trobriand Islands the exchange is monopolised by the chiefs, in Dobu all men can participate. Items for trade[ edit ] An example of a Kula necklace, with its distinctive red shell-disc beads. All Kula valuables are non-use items traded purely for purposes of enhancing one’s social status and prestige. Carefully prescribed customs and traditions surround the ceremonies that accompany the exchanges which establish strong, ideally lifelong relationships between the exchange parties karayta’u, “partners”. The act of giving, as Mauss wrote, is a display of the greatness of the giver, accompanied by shows of exaggerated modesty in which the value of what is given is actively played down. According to the Muyuw, a good Kula relationship should be “like a marriage”.

Aborigines

In englischer Sprache nennen sie sich black fellas. Dieser rassistische Begriff stammt aus den Rassentheorien , die vor allem im Eine Person wird als Aborigine definiert, wenn sie Nachkomme von Aborigines ist, sich selbst als Aborigine bezeichnet und von der Gemeinschaft, in der sie lebt, als solche akzeptiert wird. Basierend auf der Arbeit von Nicolas Peterson [15] wurden die australischen Ethnien nochmals in weitere 17 Kulturareale untergliedert.

Diese Werte sind zweifelhaft, da die Radiokarbon-Methode nur bis zu Die Ausbreitungswege, so Cooper et al.

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The Remote Oceanian island nation of Vanuatu is the gateway to the rest of the Pacific and understanding its demographic history is critical to uncovering that of the wider region. The earliest inhabitants of Vanuatu, arriving about 3, years ago, were the Lapita peoples who spoke a form of Austronesian language and who had largely East Asian genetic ancestry. But Vanuatu’s contemporary population has largely Near Oceanian heritage, showing that over time the genetic ancestry of the early inhabitants was mostly replaced by that of Bismarck Archipelago migrants, who began arriving very soon after initial settlement.

Yet the original Austronesian language persisted and over descendant languages continue to be spoken today, making Vanuatu the per capita most linguistically diverse place on Earth. Vanuatu therefore presents an unprecedented case, where a population’s genetic ancestry but not its languages were replaced. Through analyses of new ancient and modern genome-wide data, the researchers show that rather than occurring in one wave, the genetic replacement was long and complex, likely the result of a sustained long-distance contact between Near and Remote Oceania.

This provides demographic support for a model from historical linguistics, in which the initial Austronesian language of Vanuatu survived by being continually adopted by incoming Papuan migrants. The Austronesian Expansion, which began around 5, years ago likely in modern-day Taiwan, was the most geographically extensive dispersal of farming peoples in prehistory, ultimately carrying people as far west as Madagascar and all the way east to Rapa Nui. These seafaring Neolithic people initially expanded out across Island Southeast Asia, carrying farming technology and a major branch of the Austronesian language family, eventually reaching Near Oceania where they encountered the indigenous Papuan peoples of New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago.

The initial settlement east beyond the Solomon Islands and out into Remote Oceania only began around 3, years ago, with Austronesian-speaking groups associated with the Lapita pottery culture rapidly expanding east out to Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji and the islands of Western Polynesia. A previous ancient DNA study of Lapita burial sites has shown that these earliest inhabitants had East Asian ancestry with negligible evidence of Papuan genetic admixture.

But the present-day genetic make-up of Remote Oceania suggests at least some degree of Papuan ancestry, meaning there must have been subsequent Papuan migration and admixture into the Pacific from Near Oceania. In order to understand this previously undescribed migration, a multidisciplinary team of researchers brought together different lines of evidence from the fields of genetics, archaeology and linguistics.

Bikini Atoll

And you thought your first dates were awkward: Singles on a hit Dutch dating show look for love in the nude. Thursday, March 27, , 5: The naked singles are left on different sides of a tropical island and then left to wander to one another and begin their first date in nothing but their birthday suits. The nude participants are “confronting one another as God created them,” according to The Sun.

Eyeworks The racy reality show features contestants revealing their bodies, and possibly their feelings.

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The bond created between potential partners takes a different path than normal dating relationships. Online dating usually begins with a flurry of e-mail messages, each more intimate than the last. Traditional dating relationships that might take months to develop in the real world, take weeks or even days online. Much has been written about cyber-dating, but little research has been done. This series of four studies examines the online dating process, similarities and differences between online and traditional dating, and the impact of emotionality and self-disclosure on first e-mail impressions of a potential partner.

An e-mail with strong emotional words e. Results for self-disclosure e-mails were complex, but indicate that levels of self-disclosure led to different impressions. Low levels of self-disclosure were generally preferred in choosing for the fictitious dater, although these preferences differed by gender, education, and ethnic background.

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Etymology[ edit ] The island’s English name is derived from the German colonial name Bikini given to the atoll when it was part of German New Guinea. They were skilled boat-builders and navigators, sailing the two-hulled proa to and from islets around the Bikini and other atolls in the Marshall Islands. Japan occupied the islands starting in Some of the leaders maintained Asian-style bungalows and maintained servants, including secretaries, maids, and valets.

The Marshall islanders took pride in extending hospitality to one another, even distant relatives.

As America becomes increasingly diverse, prospective love tourists have the ability to sample foreign dishes without having to book a flight to the country where they came from.

Food was better than expected. Our tour leader Chris could not have been any better. Very happy about the trip. I was pleased with everything. Martin is very knowledgeable. Displayed an interest in each country. Always calm with a ready smile. An asset to your company. Would highly recommend it to anyone who wants adventure in paradise.

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In , the category “Other Asian or Pacific Islander” was added to the questionnaire along with a write-in area for all unspecified groups of Polynesian, Micronesian or Melanesian cultural backgrounds. The Census further allowed respondents to pick more than one racial identity and as a result, divining what the exact NHPI population is became more difficult, especially since a huge proportion-more than half of all NHPIs-are of multiracial ancestry.

Also, Pacific Islanders residing in the U.

Kula, also known as the Kula exchange or Kularing, is a ceremonial exchange system conducted in the Milne Bay Province of Papua New Kula ring was made famous by the father of modern anthropology, Bronisław Malinowski, who used this test case to argue for the universality of rational decision making (even among ‘natives’), and for the cultural nature of the object of their effort.

The world is drowning in plastic waste – but at least Cyprus is united over halloumi 13 Feb Floating beneath the surface of the water, to a depth of 10 metres, was a multitude of small plastic flecks and particles, in many colours, swirling like snowflakes or fish food. An awful thought occurred to Moore and he started measuring the weight of plastic in the water compared to that of plankton.

Plastic won, and it wasn’t even close. He turned his small volunteer environmental monitoring group into the Algalita Marine Research Foundation, enlisted scientists, launched public awareness campaigns and devoted all his considerable energies to exploring what would become known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch and studying the broader problem of marine plastic pollution, which is accumulating in all the world’s oceans. The world’s navies and commercial shipping fleets make a significant contribution, he discovered, throwing some , plastic containers overboard every day, along with their other litter.

But after a few more years of sampling ocean water in the gyre and near the mouths of Los Angeles streams, and comparing notes with scientists in Japan and Britain, Moore concluded that 80 per cent of marine plastic was initially discarded on land, and the United Nations Environmental Programme agrees. The wind blows plastic rubbish out of littered streets and landfills, and lorries and trains on their way to landfills.

It gets into rivers, streams and storm drains and then rides the tides and currents out to sea. Litter dropped by people at the beach is also a major source. Plastic does not biodegrade; no microbe has yet evolved that can feed on it. But it does photodegrade. Prolonged exposure to sunlight causes polymer chains to break down into smaller and smaller pieces, a process accelerated by physical friction, such as being blown across a beach or rolled by waves.

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He blogs at MattForney. He is the author of Do the Philippines and many other books, available here. As America becomes increasingly diverse, prospective love tourists have the ability to sample foreign dishes without having to book a flight to the country where they came from. To the uninitiated, Indian girls seem like one of the most enticing items on the menu. Indians combine the worst of their native culture and the worst of American culture in one disgusting, rancid stew.

While not as disgustingly obese as the average American , even fit Desi girls are packing more poundage than any girl should be legally allowed to have.

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Moses Ako, a former Malaita Eagle Force member. James Brickwood Another man points up the beach towards a headland to where he once watched a barge unload a bulldozer on which police and Malaita Eagle fighters had mounted one of the patrol machine guns to attack yet another village of thatched huts. It is an impossible scene to imagine on this morning as children play on a tyre swing and dogs doze with chickens scratching about them in the shade of palms; as dolphins crest through the water beyond the coral that creeps up to the shoreline.

Ramohia is a marine biologist who was working for the government when the tensions began and he and his family fled Honiara. Though softly spoken he is more direct in conversation than is common in the Solomon Islands. Do you believe militants still have weapons, I ask him. Do you believe Jimmy Rasta knows where the weapons are?

Back then he was commonly photographed with a Che-style beret and machine gun ammo slung about his solid frame. Later he was acquitted of attempted murder after witnesses failed to testify, as well as for his alleged connection to the deaths of two special constables. Having served a short sentence he is today infrastructure minister.

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Share 50 shares Remains of 14 of these dolphins, from three different species, were discovered on a prehistoric scrap heap, or midden on the island. At least eight per cent of the mammal bones and teeth found at the site were from these marine creatures. Humans have killed 2. The figure is believed to be the first global estimate of the number of whales killed by industrial harvesting from 20th century hunting.

Scientists estimate that between and , , whales were killed in the North Atlantic, , in the North Pacific and 2, , in the Southern Hemisphere. As well as providing meat, whale carcasses produce vast quantities of oil for light and lubrication.

The world is facing a “population emergency” as soaring rates of obesity threaten a pandemic of cardiovascular disease, scientists have warned.

Etymology[ edit ] The island’s English name is derived from the German colonial name Bikini given to the atoll when it was part of German New Guinea. Marshallese culture A woman named Liijabor from Likiep Island, Likiep Atoll in the Marshall Islands , wears a traditional nieded or clothing mat circa Before the advent of Western influence , the Bikini islanders’ sustenance-based lifestyle was based on cultivating native plants and eating shellfish and fish.

They were skilled boat builders and navigators, sailing the two-hulled proa to and from islets around the Bikini and other atolls in the Marshall Islands. Japan occupied the islands starting in Some of the leaders maintained Asian-style bungalows and maintained servants, including secretaries, maids, and valets. The Marshall islanders were formerly aggressive, but the influence of the mission churches eliminated most conflict. They took pride in extending hospitality to one another, even distant relatives.

Women traditionally [6] wore two mats about a yard metre square each, made by weaving pandanus and hibiscus leaves together [4] and belted around the waist. They introduced a dress for women that was long, wide, loose-fitting gown with long sleeves and a high neck, intended to cover as much skin as possible. Not one would think of exposing her ankles.

They believe that a woman’s thighs [9] and shoulders should be covered. Personal health is never discussed except within the family, and women are especially private about female-related health issues, [6] although they are willing to talk about their breasts. In the capital of Majuro, revealing cocktail dresses are inappropriate for both islanders and guests. T-shirts, jeans, skirts, and makeup are making their way via the media to the islands.

Drowning in plastic: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is twice the size of France

Melanesian, the principal language, is related to Fijian and New Caledonian speech. Pidgin English, known as Bislama or Bichelama, is recognized by the constitution as the lingua franca, although English and French are also official languages. The national anthem is in Bislama, which is also used in parliamentary debate, with the proceedings reported in English and French as well. Children often speak as many as four languages and every aspect of public life—including education, law, and the media—is complicated by language problems.

The Remote Oceanian island nation of Vanuatu is the gateway to the rest of the Pacific and understanding its demographic history is critical to uncovering that of the wider region.

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