50 of London’s most unusual (but fascinating) museums

Recently I came across a couple of studies that were among the first I carried out; some others have been lost and some are in private ownership. The studies which follow are all based on patterns I saw and explored, and I thought it might be useful to place them here for the record. Unfortunately there is no record of the examples they were taken from, so they will just have to stand as drafting exercises. I should also admit that these sketches are based on the original photographs of the studies, most of the original drawings having been lost — the photographs being the only record I have of them, but which are in too poor condition to be reproduced. The illustration above, from which the three following details have been taken, is of one of the original drawings I made in the early s. The width shown is around mm of the original. Although the paper has discoloured slightly with the passage of time, the draftsmanship can still be examined. It is placed here to show something of the concentration that goes into study of this character of geometry as well as the accuracy I tried to maintain in drafting.

Slate Roof Tile vs. Concrete Roof Tile

The following article was sourced from a Wikipedia page at the following address: Alternatively, tile can sometimes refer to similar units made from lightweight materials such as perlite, wood, and mineral wool, typically used for wall and ceiling applications. In another sense, a tile is a construction tile or similar object, such as rectangular counters used in playing games see tile-based game.

The word is derived from the French word tuile, which is, in turn, from the Latin word tegula, meaning a roof tile composed of fired clay. Tiles are often used to form wall and floor coverings, and can range from simple square tiles to complex mosaics.

The midth century plantation home, Longwood, is located at Lower Woodville Road, Natchez, Mississippi, and is the largest standing octagonal house in the United States.

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Victorian bathroom restoration – faux plaster wall tiles

This and other enterprising appointments enabled the company greatly to widen its product ranges, one of the first innovations being the very colourful and highly successful lead-glazed “Palissy ware”, now known as Victorian majolica , which was launched at The Great Exhibition of , and named after the French Renaissance potter Bernard Palissy c. This became a Mintons staple, as well as being copied by many other firms in England and abroad.

Mintons made special pieces for the major exhibitions that were a feature of the period, beginning with the Great Exhibition of in London, where they had considerable success, winning the bronze medal for “beauty and originality of design”. They followed this with a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle of in Paris.

Shop for-and learn about-Antique and Vintage Tables. Tables are sometimes treated like the poor cousins to chairs, which have captured the imaginations of.

Rain played a major role in the deterioration of this listed building, later demolished. With the British climate it is no surprise that the penetration of rain into buildings is often a problem. Leaks occur above ground at various points in the external envelope of the construction: In old buildings, the cause of rain penetration can simply be poor maintenance or perhaps previous inappropriate work. Rain penetration, however, is only one of a variety of sources of excess moisture that include condensation, rising damp and plumbing leaks.

Mis-diagnosis is rife and many modern treatments that are designed to stop rain penetrating actually worsen problems by attempting to seal the fabric rather than letting it breathe. Old buildings need to breathe. While modern buildings rely on excluding water with a system of barriers, buildings that pre-date the mid th century are usually constructed of absorbent materials that allow any moisture that enters to evaporate back out: Although water can enter the fabric of old buildings, dampness is not inevitable.

Before central heating, heat from open fires drew in large quantities of air through loosely fitting windows and doors. This ventilation quickly evaporated moisture from permeable internal surfaces and from damp timbers in roofs without felt. Rain penetration, therefore, tended to be in a state of equilibrium with evaporation, a balance that must be retained. To reduce rain penetration, walls were widely lime-rendered and limewashed.

In more exposed parts of Britain, rendering took the form of ‘rough-cast’ or ‘harling’ in Scotland , a heavily textured finish that reduced run-off but increased the surface area for evaporation.

Fireplace Tiles

In King Richard II decreed that pubs must have signs so that the examiner or tester of ales would know the location of each pub. The pictorial sign was developed in the times when the vast majority of the population were illiterate and needed something large, simple and bright to recognise. The Prospect of Whitby: It was first called the Devil’s Tavern, soon to be the haunt of smugglers and thieves, who sold bodies, washed up by the Thames to medical schools.

Dec 02,  · I have a firplace dating from around which has a nice wooden mantel and surround, but the inner part needs replacing as its tiles (it is fully.

The latter type would use bricks for chimneys to reduce the risk of fire. Little used in the UK before the 14th century, bricks rose in popularity when Flemish refugees brought bricks into East Anglia. Their use spread and by the late 18th century, yellow ‘stocks’ became common in London. In the 18th century, bricks started to be used for all parts of smaller houses. A brick tax was introduced and increased in and This slowed the trend but after the tax was repealed in bricks were used almost universally outside the stone areas.

During the period of the tax, one alternative to wooden weatherboarding was the ‘brick tile’ or ‘mathematical tile’; these were tiles in which the surface exposed below the tile in the course above was shaped like a brick. During the 18th century, as well as being taxed, bricks were also less fashionable; stucco was used to simulate stonework. Stucco frontages ceased to be used in London in the s, being replaced by brick as the desirable material.

By the late 19th century, red bricks were cheaper and could be used for the public side of houses, yellows being relegated to the rear. Using a mix of types of brick in the same wall reached its peak in the Victorian Gothic revival.

Valletta Boutique Hotel

Please see our Wool Drop Spindle Only for the historical background on drop spindles for wool. Likewise, see our Wool Roving for the historical background on wool roving. The use of the distaff by women was very common during Medieval times and the term “distaff side” of one’s family became known as the maternal relations of the family.

Home | About me | My Collection| Articles | Auction and Show News |Antique |Portfolio | TynieToy | For Sale | Notebook | Contact Us. My Collection. My collection currently numbers about a dozen dolls’ houses. I recently moved and downsized my REAL house and have been letting some things go, so I’ve sold off all my commercial antique and vintage houses but two.

The octagonal fad that was popular throughout Europe and the United States during the s was launched by Orson S. Fowler’s writings praised the utility and cheapness of the octagon form which led to its use by other builders on a wide scale, including architect Samuel Sloan, the designer of Longwood. Illustration from book, Homestead Architecture, by architect Samuel Sloan. In , wealthy cotton planter Dr. Haller Nutt began construction of this expensive, ostentatious antebellum home hiring Architect Samuel Sloan of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

The home was for himself, his wife Julia, and their eight children. Haller Nutt was a successful landowner in the mid th century, owning nearly 43, acres of land and slaves. His fortune prior to the Civil War was estimated at more than three million dollars. Nevertheless, work on the four story plantation mansion ceased at the beginning of the Civil War and, because of financial losses, the home was never finished.

How to find the Right White

Prehistoric[ edit ] Although no pre-Roman settlement is known, there was a prehistoric crossing point at Deptford and also at Vauxhall Bridge [7] and some prehistoric remains are known from archaeology of the River Thames. Ancient Welsh legend claims the city of the Trinovantes – dedicated to the god Lud Caer Llud was founded by the followers of Bran the Blessed whose severed head is said to be buried under the White Tower facing the continent.

However following the Boudican Revolt of 61, during which both cities were razed to the ground, the capital was removed to London which rapidly grew to preeminence with the establishment of a Forum and provincial Praetorium. The city was originally laid out to a classical plan as many other cities in Britannia and throughout Europe in a roughly rectangular form with the south side formed by the River Thames and divided into blocks of insulae.

Bishopsgate , as an extension of Watling Street formed the decumanus maximus crossing the river from Billingsgate over the ancient London Bridge to Southwark and the south coast road beyond. The Forum was located at Leadenhall Market – said to be the largest building north of the Alps in ancient times – remains can still be visited in the basement of some of the market shops.

Modern Victorian Floor Tiles Our range of Encaustic and Geometric layouts are based on historic English Victorian designs, in some cases dating back almost years. The additional contemporary elements in our color palette give a fresh feel to these classic on: 49 Cotesworth Place Hilton Head Island, SC, United States.

My primary focus is now restricted to artisan dollhouse miniatures with a few exceptions here and there. In my previous home, many of my houses were displayed in one upstairs room where I painted a Rufus Porter-style mural around three sides of the room. One wall was copied from the mural that appears in the Tynietoy mansion while the other walls feature scenes from the Delaware Valley landscape where I lived with my husband and troublesome cat on the north side of the Musconetcong Mountain.

We have found the extended commuting time an issue for my husband and have decided to move closer to NYC. We are in the process of preparing to move again and I expect to have a more fully equipped studio at our new home. A Sentimental Journey I was presented with an unusual opportunity around Thanksgiving when out of the blue, I received an email from the son of the late Gretchen Deans. If you are a newer collector, you may not know that Gretchen was one of the three founders of the original Nutshell News magazine back in and served as the East Coast editor for some years.

She was a collector from her childhood and accumulated an amazing collection of artisan furniture, the highlight of which was her outstanding collection of handcrafted furniture by Eric Pearson. Gretchen’s son found me on the Internet when he read my comments on this site recounting my introduction to Gretchen’s inspiring collection back in I had corresponded with Gretchen during the last years of her life and I knew she had parted with most of her collection, but I was surprised to learn from her son that she had kept one house and it had been gathering dust in his basement since her death in

Victorian floor tile restoration by Paul Johnson